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Facts About Disability & DVSA

Definitions of abuse:

Adults with Physical Disabilities: General definitions

The types of abuse of adults with physical disabilities as defined in the Oregon administrative rules are as follows:

  • Abandonment is the desertion or willful forsaking of a vulnerable adult or the withdrawal or neglect of duties and obligations owed a dependent adult by a caretaker or other person.
  • Financial exploitation is the illegal or improper use of another individuals resources for profit or gain.

  • Neglect is the failure (whether intentional, careless or due to inadequate experience, training or skill) to provide basic care or services when agreed to by legal, contractual or otherwise assumed responsibility.
  • Physical abuse is the use of excessive force, physical assault, or physical contact with an individual including, but not limited to hitting, slapping, biting, pinching or shoving, or the inappropriate use of restraints.
  • Psychological abuse or verbal abuse is the use of derogatory names, phrases, or profanity; ridicule; threats; or intimidation toward an individual, or denial of civil rights which results in emotional injury.
  • Self-neglect is ones inability to understand the consequences of his/her actions or inaction which leads or may lead to harm or endangerment to him/her or other persons. This applies only to community protective services.
  • Sexual abuse is sexual contact that is forced, tricked, threatened, or otherwise coerced upon another person.

Abuse or neglect by personal assistants

In addition to those forms of abuse, many people who rely on help from a personal assistant can be abused in the following ways:

  • The withholding or immobilizing of equipment.
  • Medication manipulation (withholding or overdose).
  • Assistant does not perform duties or is drunk or drugged during work hours.

Persons with Disabilities Victims of Violent Crime

More than 25% of mental health agency clients had been a victim of violent crime in the past year. This is more than 11 times the rate for the general population, even after controlling for demographic differences.

More than 21% had been victims of personal theft, a rate greater than 140 times the general population. The rape rate was 12.3 times the general population."

Linda A.Teplin, Gary M. McClelland, Karen M. Abram and Dana A. Weiner in Crime Victimization in Adults with Severe Mental Illness: Comparison with the National Crime Victimization Survey, Archives of General Psychiatry, 2005